On Tuesday, October 25, “Kerry James Marshall: Mastry” opens at the Met Breuer, the museum’s contemporary-art annex on Madison Avenue. The show, the largest museum retrospective of his art yet, was organized by the Met, the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles and the Museum of Contemporary Art Chicago. It made its debut in Chicago earlier this year. Occupying two floors, “Mastry” features nearly 80 works that Kerry James Marshall created between 1980 and 2015. They include dozens of paintings that both reference the defining forms of Western art—landscapes, portraits, history paintings—and upend them.